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Neurosciences and Behavioral Health Center

Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP)

Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP)

Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) is a protein that stimulates the growth of new bone and is used in many spinal fusion procedures. It's also called recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 or rhBMP-2.

BMP is a naturally occurring human protein that doctors isolate and reproduce as a result of human gene research. It’s a safe and effective alternative to bone graft. BMP facilitates fusion at a rate equivalent to or greater than traditional bone grafts, such as the patient’s own bone (autograft).

Benefits of BMP

BMP allows surgeons to perform fusion surgery without relying on bone grafts. Benefits include: 

  • Shorter amount of surgical time
  • Reduced complication rates
  • Quicker and less painful recovery time


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